Chinese Culture of Food — Shan Dong / Confucian / Lu Cuisine

In the Chinese culture of food, the Shan Dong (Lu) Cuisine is the most historical (more than 2,500 years old) and the original series, which has not been influenced by other schools. 


They are the representatives of northern Chinese dishes, which were used to be a dominant cuisine for the royal families for the last 700 years in the history of China. 


Lu Cuisine is the most complicated series of Chinese food as well, which includes 91 cooking methods.


It also has very strict requirements for cooking materials, most of which are chosen from fresh local productions.


In addition, an important ingredient is the time-consuming soup stock, which usually takes hours or days of stewing and filtering. 


Nowadays, most northern Chinese follow the cooking methods of Lu Cuisine. 


In the meanwhile, some of the most authentic and exquisite dishes are more served on high-end occasions, because of the expensive materials, time-consuming, and complicated cooking methods.


Lu Cuisine also has set the basic etiquette of the Chinese culture of food, which includes balance, refinement, and delicacy.


It has strict requirements for decoration and regulation of dishes for each important occasion, like a wedding or birthday.


The serving order, collocation of dishes, seating order, and dress code are all detailedly set. 

Some Dishes of Shandong/Lu Cuisine