Wuyi Mountain — Biodiversity Mountain and Mysterious Millennial Culture
What Is Wuyi Mountain or Mount Wuyi?
What's Special with the Ancient Boat Coffins Insert on Cliffs?
History and Importance of the Two-millenary City Relics.
What Is Wuyi Mountain or Mount Wuyi?
Wuyi Mountain, also named Mount Wuyi, is a UNESCO World Natural and Cultural Heritage Site with rich biodiversity and beautiful scenic views.
Meanwhile, it is a holy land of Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, with valuable ancient buildings, ruins of an ancient city, and mysterious wooden boat coffins inserted on cliffs.
Taoist Temple Zhizhi An of Mount Wuyi
Wuyi Mountain is on the border of Fujian and Jiangxi Provinces, the southeast of China;
It is about 1000 square kilometers large;
The highest peak of the Wuyi Mountains is 2158 meters;
It has rich biological resources, with over 3728 vegetation and 5110 types of animals;
Wooden boat coffins on the cliffs date back over 3000 years ago;
There is a city relic from about 2200 years ago;
There are over 35 Confucian Academies and 60 Taoist Temples from the recent millennium.
Peaks of Wuyi Mountains.
What's Special with the Ancient Boat Coffins on Cliffs?
Dating back to 3750 to 3295 years ago, some boat-shaped coffins are lying on caves or stakes on the grand cliffs of Wuyi Mountain.
This burial form of the ancient local Minyue Culture was believed to be a privilege of the nobles.
One of the most significant mysteries is how those heavy coffins were placed on such high cliffs with ancient technology, which is still unclear.
Ancient Wooden Boat Coffins in the Cliffs.
As to the reasons for this particular burial form, there are some speculations:
To show nobles' authority;
It's closer to the sky, which makes it easier for their spirits to go to heaven;
Beautiful Wuyi Mountain was believed to be a holy place where deities live;
To protect their bodies from beasts and insects;
It relates to ancient bird worship;
The boat shape presents their water lifestyle or ancient witchcraft that could take the dead's spirit to the other side.
History of the Two-millenary City Relics
At the foot of Mount Wuyi, there's a city remains over 480,000 square meters large.
This was the city of the King of Minyue, a vassal state built at the beginning of the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC — 8 AD).
Decades later, a king rebelled and was defeated in 110 BC, when his state was perished by the army of Emperor Wu of Han.
Within this city's ruins, tens of thousands of valuable relics were unearthed, including bronze wares, potteries, weapons, farm implements, bricks, tiles, etc.
Together, they show great archeological values of the Minyue culture in the early Western Han Dynasty.
Eaves Tile Unearthed from this City Ruins — Minyue Imperial City Museum (Photo by Ding Liqing)
Important Cultural Sites
Wuyi Academy or Ziyang Academy
The great Neo-Confucianist Zhu Xi built it in 1183, where he taught and finished many of his masterpieces.
Zhu Xi's Neo-Confucianism became the dominant ideology in the following centuries, making Mount Wuyi an influential place for Confucianism.
The Wuyi Academy Built by Great Philosopher Zhu Xi
Wuyi Gong or Huixian Guan
Firstly built between 742 to 755, this temple was the place to worship the Deity of Wuyi (Wuyi Jun) by emperors.
Wuyi Gong or Huixian Guan, Photo by Chanjuan.
Xiamei Ancient Dwellings
Xiamei is a village at the foot of Wuyi Mountain, consisting of well-preserved Ming and Qing Dynasty buildings (1368 — 1912).
Those ancient buildings and architectural decorations contain extremely valuable information about the local inhabitants' history and culture, including brick, stone, and wood carvings.
Xiamei Ancient Dwellings at the foot of Wuyi Mountain.
Those big dwellings on the cliffs were believed to be shelters for people since the Song Dynasty (960 — 1279).
The wooden components outside were supporting frames for their "Tianche", a wooden cart to transport people and their daily supplies up to the cliff.
Ancient Cliff Dwellings, Photo by Xiujian.
Ancient Stone Inscriptions Throughout History
Ancient Stone Inscriptions, Photo by Minghu Shuishan.
Impressive Natural Scenic Views
Nine Bend River or Jiuqu Xi of Wuyi Mountain
Peaks and Danxia Landform
Seas of Cloud
One-Line-Sky or Yixiantian Canyon
Autumn View of Wuyi Mountains
Houyuan Villiage, Photo by Wuying.
You Might Also Like:
Holy Land of Politic and Worship in Chinese Culture — Mount Tai
The Precipitous Mountains and Root of Chinese Culture — Mount Hua
Magnificent Hanging Temple on Steep Cliff — Mount Heng North
Grand Cultural Landscape and Representative of Longevity — Mount Heng South
Grand Geopark and The Centre of Heaven and Earth — Mount Song
Sacred Taoism Place and Picturesque National Geopark — Wudang Mountains
Picturesque Landscape — Zhangjiajie National Forest Park and Tianmen Mountain
Multi-Religions Mountain with Stunningly Beautiful Scenery — Mount Lu
Holy Buddhism Mountains with Golden Summit — Mount Emei
Buddhism Holy Land and Valuable Ancient Temples — Mount Wutai
Magnificent Cultural Landscape — Huangshan Mountain
Cultural Meanings of Extraordinary Attractions in China
Cultural Symbol Across Time and Space — Yellow River or Huang He River
Longest River of China — Yangtze River or Chang Jiang River
Legend, History, and Culture of Chinese Lakes
Ancient Towns with Exceptional Values