Mount Wuyi — Biodiversity Mountain and Mysterious Millennial Cultures

What is Mount Wuyi?

 

Mount Wuyi, or Wuyi Mountain, is a World Natural and Cultural Heritage, with rich biodiversity and beautiful scenic views. 

 

Meanwhile, it is a holy land of Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, with valuable ancient buildings, ruins of an ancient city, and mysterious wooden boat coffins in cliffs. 

 

Taoist Temple Zhizhi An of Mount Wuyi

Important Data of Mount Wuyi.

 

  • Mount Wuyi is on the border of Fujian and Jiangxi Provinces, the southeast of China;

 

  • It is about 1000 square kilometers large;

 

  • The highest peak of Mount Wuyi is 2158 meters;

 

  • Mount Wuyi has rich biological resources, with over 3728 vegetations and 5110 types of animals

 

  • Wooden boat coffins in the cliff of Mount Wuyi dated back to over 3000 years ago;

 

  • There is a city relic from about 2200 years ago;

 

  • There are over 35 Confucian Academies 60 Taoist Temples from the recent millennium scattering on Mount Wuyi.

 

Peaks of Mount Wuyi

What's special with the ancient boat coffins in the cliff?

 

Dating back to 3750 to 3295 years ago, some boat-shaped coffins are laying on caves or stakes in grand cliffs of Mount Wuyi.

 

This was the burial forms of ancient local Minyue Culture that believed as a privilege of the nobles.  

One of the most significant mysteries is how did those heavy coffins were placed on such high cliffs with ancient technology, which is still unclear.

 

Ancient Wooden Boat Coffins in the Cliffs of Mount Wuyi

As to the reasons for this special burial form, there are some speculations:

 

  • To show nobles' authority;

 

  • It's closer to the sky, which made it easier for their spirits to go to heaven;

 

  • Beautiful Mount Wuyi was believed a holy place that deities live;

 

  • To protect their bodies from beasts and insects;

 

  • It relates to ancient bird worship;

 

  • The boat shape presents their water lifestyle or ancient witchcraft that could take the dead's spirit to the other side.  

History of the two-millenary city relic of Mount Wuyi.

 

At the foot of Mount Wuyi, there is an over 480,000 square meters' large city remains. 

 

This was the city of the King of Minyue, a vassal state built at the beginning of the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC — 8 AD). 

 

Decades later, a king rebelled and was defeated in the year 110 BC, when his state was perished by the army of the Emperor Wu of Han

 

Within this city ruins, tens of thousands of valuable relics were unearthed, including bronze wares, potteries, weapons, farm implements, bricks, and tiles, etc.

 

Together, they are showing great archeological values of the Minyue culture in the early Western Han Dynasty. 

 

Eaves Tile Unearthed from this City Ruins — Minyue Imperial City Museum (Photo by Ding Liqing)

What are the important cultural sites of Mount Wuyi?

Wuyi Academy or Ziyang Academy

 

Built by great Neo-Confucianist Zhu Xi in the year 1183, where he taught and finished many of his masterpieces.  

 

Zhu Xi's Neo Confucianism then became the dominant ideology in the following centuries, which made Mount Wuyi an influential place of Confucianism. 

 

The Wuyi Academy Built by Great Philosopher Zhu Xi

Wuyi Gong or Huixian Guan

 

Firstly built between the year 742 to 755, this temple was the place to worship the Deity of Wuyi (Wuyi Jun) by emperors.

Wuyi Gong or Huixian Guan on Mount Wuyi, Photo by Chanjuan.

Xiamei Ancient Dwellings

 

Xiamei is a village at the foot of Mount Wuyi, which consists of well-preserved buildings of Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368 — 1912). 

 

Those ancient buildings and architectural decorations, including brick, stone, and wood carvings, contain extremely valuable information about local inhabitants' history and culture.

Xiamei Ancient Dwellings at the foot of Mount Wuyi

Cliff Dwelling

 

Those big dwellings on the cliff of Mount Wuyi were believed shelters of people since the Song Dynasty (960 — 1279). 

 

The wooden components outside were supporting frames for their "Tianche", a type of wooden cart to transport people and their daily supplies up to the cliff. 

Ancient Cliff Dwelling of Mount Wuyi, Photo by Xiujian. 

Ancient Stone Inscriptions Throughout History

Ancient Stone Inscriptions of Mount Wuyi, Photo by Minghu Shuishan. 

What are impressive natural scenic views of Mount Wuyi?

 

Nine Bend River, or Jiuqu Xi of Mount Wuyi

Sunrise View of Mount Wuyi

Peaks and Danxia Landform of Mount Wuyi

Cloud Sea of Mount Wuyi

One-Line-Sky, or Yixiantian Canyon of Mount Wuyi

Autumn of Mount Wuyi

Houyuan Villiage of Mount Wuyi, Photo by Wuying.

Fun Facts about Chinese Culture and History

  • Facebook Fun withChinese Culture
  • Twitter Fun withChinese Culture
  • G+ Fun withChinese Culture
  • YouTube Fun withChinese Culture
  • Pinterest Fun withChinese Culture
  • Instagram Fun withChinese Culture