Places in China — Beautiful Sceneries and Exceptional Cultural Attractions

There are many attractive places in China that are worth visiting, from extraordinary feats with great historical and cultural values to stunningly beautiful natural sceneries with fascinating legends.

Five Great Mountains

 

In the Chinese creation myth, Pan Gu’s head and limbs incarnated into the Five Great Mountains after he departed.  

 

They are divine, magnificent, and spectacular, where they were believed as the path to heaven or the residence of different deities. 

Therefore, in those great mountains, emperors held grand ceremonies to worship heaven and pray for blessing, and Taoists and Buddhists built temples to practice.

 

In addition, mountains seem eternal, compare to human history; hence, they also have accumulated lots of folktales and legends that passed on from generation to generation for thousands of years. 

Therefore, besides amazing natural scenes, every mountain’s origin, historical and cultural values are interesting as well.  

 

Exceptional Mountain Landscapes in China


Besides Five Great Mountains, there are many other magnificent mountains that have amazing natural scenes, fascinating legends, and significant historical, cultural, and religious values. 

 

Lake Landscapes

According to Tao Te Ching, water is the finest good. It is soft, shapeless, stays low and indisputable, nurtures everything in the universe; besides, it is the strongest force that is capable of destroying everything. 

Confucius respected the water as insistent, targeted, and pure, which contains many good virtues that a decent person should obtain. 

Therefore, lakes in China hold fascinating cultural meanings, as well as mysterious origins, attractive legends, and significant historical values. 

 

Ancient Cities

 

While many modern cities look somehow resemble, there are some special ancient cities in China, which are unique, beautiful, and hold great architectural and cultural values. 

 

Cultural Landmarks

 

They are marvelous and spectacular manmade feats, such as Imperial Palaces and Great Wall, with exceptional architectural values, interesting stories, and fascinating histories. 

 

Gardens

 

Taoism and Confucianism both value the idea of “Integration of Universe and Humanity”.

Under this ideology, ancient Chinese Gardens look like miniatures of natural landscapes, with exquisite buildings dotted inside. 

However, classic Chinese gardens in history still fall into two major categories: the Royal Garden in the north and the Private Garden in the south. 

The Royal ones are grand and luxurious, which included real mountains and lakes inside, constructed with spectacular imperial architectures, and witnessed important histories.

 

Summer Palace and Chengde Mountain Resort are perfect examples of imperial gardens of the Qing Dynasty (1636 — 1912). 

Chengde Mountain Resort by Official Site

Chengde Mountain Resort, Photo from Official Site of Chengde. 

Classic southern-style private gardens, represented by the Humble Administrator's Garden and Lingering Garden in Suzhou, are much smaller and exquisite, which used brilliant skills to place buildings, ancient philosophy, natural views, and poetic designs in limited spaces. 

Lingering Garden, Photo from The Official Site of Suzhou Travel.

Lingering Garden, Photo from The Official Site of Suzhou Travel. 

 

Grottoes

 

Buddhist Grottoes are invaluable art wonders, which show aspects of the society that constructed them, including history, architecture, ceremony, military activity, transportation, musical instrument, dance, costume, makeup, and business.