Fun Facts about Chinese Culture and History

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Kings of Paleolithic and Neolithic in History of China

There is an ancient Chinese book named the Classic of Mountains and Seas, which was predictably finished around 5000 years ago and the actual writer was unknown. This miraculous book includes hundreds of mountains, rivers, historical figures, mythical animals, states, legends, customs, etc., based on their different geological locations. It is a combination of reality and myth and legend; from the description of the wondrous and fantastic world in the book, people could find many of the prototypes even in the current world.  


This book records an era of mysterious celestial and brave heroes with influential contributions. The boundary between human and celestial was quite blur; supernaturals could come to civilian’s world and help them, while excellent people could become immortals because of their great accomplishments. Together, they changed the world and made it a better place to live, through their diligence, strong will and exceptional courage. This is the origin of Chinese people’s Ancestor Worship, and initial stage of Chinese culture. 


Sui Ren -- Ancestor of Fire

Tens of thousand years ago, China was sporadically inhabited by some primitive human. They hunted in the forest and ate raw food. 


Then the mysterious Sui Ren showed up, no one knew where he came from. Unlike other people who were scared of thunder and burning, he found fire could bring him warmness and make meat taste better. Thereafter, he started to actively search for burnt food and a means of keeping natural fire as long as possible. Soon, inspired by sparks from bird pecking trees, he successfully made fire by drilling woods. From that time on, primitive human could eat cooked food and stay warm in cold days; he opened up a brand new chapter in the history of China. 

Sui Ren also taught primitive human how to keep records by tying knots on different colors of strings. Then he stayed at the peak of mysterious Mount Kunlun, observed the world and named lots of stars, mountains, rivers, seas and animals; he for the first time separated human from animals and draw a clear boundary between them.


Sui Ren then became king of his clan, also the first honorable king in the history of China. His remarkable contribution helped primitive human well prepared to step into a better and more cultivated world. In a Chinese city named Shang Qiu where he had lived before, there was his mausoleum, when and who built it was untraceable. 


Fu Xi -- Ancestor of Chinese Culture and Sacred Creator

Around 5000 years ago, a young woman accidentally walked into a huge and mysterious footprint and then got pregnant. On the 18th of March in Chinese Calendar, she gave birth to this magic baby boy, named Fu Xi. 


Fu Xi grew up into a very ingenious clan leader and made contribution in creating Chinese culture, which made him a great king. He helped people with nomenclature family names and established basic wedding ceremony rules, including not to marry very close kins. The permanent totem dragon was recorded by him as well.

Most noteworthy, he discovered Tai Ji, Yin Yang, Five Elements and the Eight Diagrams, the most essential foundation ideologies of Chinese philosophy, mythology and Taoism Religion, based on his continued observation of the nature. Since then, divination using the Eight Diagrams has become the most important ceremony throughout history of China.

Later, Fu Xi taught people how to keep livestocks and invented net to do fishing; besides hunting, people were able to get more types of food and gained better chances to survive. He also created some musical instruments to entertain people and wrote songs to accompany those compositions.


He and his wife had four sons on Mount Kunlun; after they grew up, they went to different places and developed four big clans. Today, many memorial activities are holding near his mausoleum every year, showing people’s gratitude and respect to this mysterious and exceptional ancestor of Chinese Culture. 


Lady Fu Bao -- Magical Pregnancy

Fu Bao was a queen of a big clan in history of China, while her husband was a descendant of the sacred creator Fu Xi. One day, when Fu Bao was sightseeing in a beautiful place, a dragon suddenly showed up and flew around her for a while. Later she found she was pregnant and gave birth to a special baby boy. This boy had a human’s face, but also had two horns; he could talk and walk within a week after his birth. When he was 5 years old, he was capable of planting plenty of crops. This intelligent boy was named Yan.

Years later, Fu Bao and her husband were promenading in the evening when they came into a big thunder. A streak of shining light circled the Big Dipper and then rushed towards them, later this light melted into Fu Bao’s belly. After 25 months of pregnancy, another special baby boy came into the world. He was super smart and handsome and was able to talk immediately after he was born; his toes looked like dragon’s and his head could rotate to 360 degrees. This magical boy was named Huang. 


Fu Bao’s two mysteriously born boys became kings of two powerful clans in the history of China; their clans are widely respected as fundamental of Chinese culture. Till now, Chinese people still claim themselves the decedent of Yan and Huang. 


King Yan -- Ancestor of Invention and Agriculture

Yan, also respected as Yan Di or King of Yan, the first born of Queen Fu Bao, left his parents after he grew up and built a new big clan himself. His clan kept growing because of their hardworking and Yan’s great amount knowledge of agriculture and herbs. He taught his people to do farm works using some efficient tools and built market to exchange goods. Yan travelled to many places in China and tried large numbers of herbs by himself; afterwards, he taught people utilization of those different kinds of herbs. In addition, he made fabric and clothes out of hemp, created a musical instrument with 5 strings, invented potter, arrow and bows. 


People in his clan, then, had adequate skills to plant crops, hunt and cultivate animals, cook food and make clothes. They lived longer and happier after having acquired lots of useful knowledge to have a better life. The development and expansion of his clan, however, caused more conflicts with his brother Huang’s clan. 

Consequently, Yan and Huang’s clan had a war, fighting for hegemony and more land. Yan’s clan lost and then allied with Huang’s later.


Soon, their big realm jeopardized another clan’s king Chiyou, who was an inventor of many sharp weapons; people from this clan were extremely aggressive and very good at fighting. Yan and Huang led their people fought bravely, with the assistant of lots of supernatural power and mythical creatures; after series intense battles, they got big victory, which was also an important event in the history of China. Finally, Yan and Huang obtained most of Chiyou's weapons and land and kept expanding. 


Since that time on, Yan and Huang’s offsprings dominated the whole of Chinese cultivated land. Yan continued his discoveries on more types of herbs and passed away after he tried a virulent foliage. 


King Huang -- Founder of Country 

Huang, respected as Huang Di or King of Huang, another magical born son of Queen Fu Bao, inherited the leadership of his clan from his father when he was 20 years old. He found and cultivated more types of crops and enriched diet structure of Chinese food, and had invented more sophisticated weaving tools, crop devices, weapons, martial arts and building styles. His clan kept growing and expanding, especially after Huang defeated and annexed Yan and Yan’s clan. 


Years later, his brother Yan’s clan lost in some battles and asked for help. Huang led his army, together with Yan’s people, fought with their enemy for years.


Their enemy Chiyou was very aggressive and obtained many powerful weapons. Within Chiyou's army, there were 81 generals who has, including Chiyou himself, human’s head and animals’ body; they ate nothing but stones from rivers. They also gained assistance from God of Wind and Rain; additionally, many ghosts and monsters were servicing in his troop as well, helping them initiate attack using supernatural power. 


Huang, however, was a more intelligent king and a better general. He widely applied iron in weapons, which was learnt from his enemy, and invented the Southward Pointing Cart, so his soldiers could attack more efficiently and see their way when Chiyou and God of Wind created the magical dense mist. The celestial of Mount Kunlun, the most powerful dragon Ying Long and Fairy of Drought both participated and assisted Huang in the final battle, together with Huang’s brave human soldiers and tamed animal fighters, including wolf, bear, tiger, etc. Huang and Yan and their people finally succeeded and united all of the existing clans in China.

Afterwards, Huang became the most powerful king at that time and established a basic regime with efficient administration offices. He gained his people’s love and respect; his realm was rudimentary of a real country. 


Years later, a beautiful phoenix showed up and told him the most important morals required to be a king; then a yellow dragon gave him a magical book which includes adequate information about Chinese astrology, geology and divination. When seeing all of his people were living happily and peacefully, Huang started to visit many celestial and ask for more useful knowledge. 


When Huang was old, he built nine magical vessels named Ding; they were representative of nine states in his realm. Since then, the vessel Ding has become an emblem of sovereign power and legal dominance of the kingdom in Chinese culture.


Right after all the Dings were finished, a yellow dragon appeared in the sky, flew toward Huang and said that Huang already made great contributions to the development of society and had finished his mission, it was time to go back. So Huang got on the back of the dragon and they disappeared into the sky.