Kings of Paleolithic and Neolithic in History of China

Paleolithic and Neolithic, also named the Mythical History, including the history of China before the Xia Dynasty (2070 BC — 1600 BC).


Some Legendary Ancient Sages led people and fought against nature, and made it a better place to live, through their diligence, strong will, and exceptional courage. 


Unlike Faithful History that was directly documented in characters by historians of that time, such as Oracle Inscriptions of the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC — 1046 BC), stories of those exceptional kings of Paleolithic and Neolithic could be found in mythical legends and later records. 

You Chao — Creator of House 

You Chao, also named Da Chao, was a king of the Paleolithic period when primitive humans were living in caves and hunting for food. 

When You Chao was young, he started to use branches and woods to make nests on trees, so that people could be protected from rain, wind, cold, and wild animals.


Reduction Model of Treehouse of Hemudu Culture (5000 BC — 3300 BC), Believed the Descendents of the Kingdom You Chao.

Afterward, more people learned the skill and lived on treehouses, they then developed as a big clan. 

As expected, You Chao was elected as the King, and his clan was named the Kingdom of You Chao, or the Kingdom of Chao. 

Bronze Ceremonial Food Container (Ban Gui) of Western Zhou Dynasty (1046 BC — 771 BC), Inscriptions Inside Records the Duke Mao Defeating and Ruling of the Kingdom of Chao — Capital Museum


Sui Ren — The Ancestor of Fire


Over tens of thousand years ago, China was sporadically inhabited by some primitive humans. They hunted in the forests and ate raw food. 

Then the mysterious Sui Ren showed up; in some other records, he was the son of You Chao. 

Unlike other people who were scared of thunder and burning, Sui Ren found fire could bring him warmness and make the meat taste better.


Thereafter, he started to actively search for burnt food and means to keep the natural fire as long as possible.  

Soon, inspired by sparks from bird pecking trees, he successfully made fire by drilling woods. 

From that time on, the primitive humans could eat cooked food and stay warm in cold days. Sui Ren opened up a brand new chapter in the history of China.  

With much better food and longer life spans, his clan, the Kingdom of Sui Ming, kept developing. 

Sui Ren also taught primitive humans how to keep records by tying knots on different colors of strings. 

Then he stayed at the peak of mountains to observe nature, and named lots of stars, mountains, rivers, seas, and animals; him for the first time separated humans from animals and draw a clear boundary between them.

The remarkable contribution of Sui Ren helped primitive humans well prepared to step into a better and more civilized world.

Painted Pottery Basin with Human and Fish Patterns of Yangshao Culture (Around 5000 BC — 3000 BC), Believed the Same Time of King Sui Ren — National Museum of China (Photo by Dongmaiying)


Lady Fu Bao — Magical Pregnancy and the Mother of Exceptional Legendary Ancient Sages


Fu Bao was a princess of a clan named Youjiao; in other versions, she was the daughter of King Sui Ren.

After she grew up, Fu Bao married to Shao Dian, the King of Youxiong Clan. King Shao Dian was believed the son of Deity Nv Wa and Fu Xi.

One day, when Fu Bao was sightseeing in a beautiful place, a dragon suddenly showed up and flew around her for a while. Later she found she was pregnant and gave birth to a special baby boy.

This boy had a human face, but also had two horns; he could talk and walk within a week after his birth. 

When he was 5 years old, he was capable of planting plenty of crops. This intelligent boy was the Flame Emperor (Yan Di).

Years later, Fu Bao and her husband were promenading in the evening, when they encountered a big thunder. A streak of shining light circled the Big Dipper and then rushed towards them, later this light melted into Fu Bao’s belly.

After 25 months of pregnancy, another brilliant baby boy came into the world. 

He was super smart and handsome and was able to talk immediately after he was born; his toes looked like dragon’s and his head could rotate to 360 degrees. This magical boy was the Yellow Emperor (Huang Di). 

Fu Bao’s two mysteriously born boys became kings of two powerful clans in the history of China; their tribes are widely respected as the origin of Chinese culture.


Till now, Chinese people still claim themselves the descendent of Yan and Huang.

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