Fun Facts about Chinese Culture and History

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Kings of Xia Dynasty in History of China

King Si Zhu -- Inventor of Armor and A Strong Expansionist 

Si Zhu was a brave and strong person, who contributed a lot while his father the King Shaokang was trying to rebuild Xia Dynasty. He achieved excellent military skills during those battles and later got the throne after his father passed away. 

 

Si Zhu’s father left him a stable and flourishing kingdom, which made him possible to expand his territory. So he initiated some wars to clans situated in the east part of China.

 

In the beginning his army lost several times, so he stepped back and invented armors that were made in the animals’ skin. Since then, his army has become much stronger thanks to the protection of those armors. 

 

King Si Zhu and his army finally got succeed and extended Xia’s territory from the middle part of China eastward to the sea.

 

Clans in the east integrated into Xia’s culture. He was highly respected and honored as an excellent monarch in history of China, for his successful consolidation of Xia’s regime, expansion of the territory and acculturated eastern clans. 

 

King Si Mang -- Inventor of Special Sacrifice Ceremony 

In ancient Chinese culture, war and worship ceremony were considered as extremely important for a country, which were believed closely connected to a kingdom’s existence and flourish.

 

Besides worship of heaven and ancestors and mythical animals, King Si Mang (1897 B.C. — 1833 B.C.) invented another sacrifice ceremony format to worship celestial living in river, lake and the sea. 

 

After Si Mang ascended to the throne, a big sacrifice ceremony was held and then lasted for the next thousands of years in the history of China. 

 

In this sacred sacrifice ceremony, three normal livestocks (cattle, pig and sheep) and an important memorial jade would be sunk in the Huang He River, to pray for peace and safety, from the celestial living in this river. Gradually, this Sinking Sacrifice expanded to other places in China. 

 

Since then, having important and valuable stuff sunk into rivers, lakes and seas became an important sacrifice ceremony in the history of China, which was believed could easily get accepted by celestial of water. 

 

Si Kongjia -- King with Dragons

Kongjia was a prince of Xia Dynasty, who was always considered to be very superstitious and absurd; so he didn’t get the throne from his father, the 13th king of Xia.

 

Then his uncle and uncle’s son became the 14th and 15th king of Xia kingdom. When they all passed away, Kongjia finally ascended the throne and made himself the 16th king of his country. 

 

As a monarch, he was not very responsible and had brought severe decline to his kingdom; many lords started to disobey and disrespect him as a king. But he was a good musician who created some famous songs.

 

One day, King Kongjia was given two dragons by a celestial and was told to feed them well. However, Kongjia couldn’t do it by himself, so he found two people to do that for him.

 

The first person accidentally killed one dragon; he didn’t know how to deal with the dragon’s body, so he made it a delicious meal and provided to Kongjia. After this horrible behavior was found out, this person had run away with his whole family. 

 

Then Kongjia nominated another decent man to raise the other dragon for him. But this keeper was very straightforward and displeased Kongjia many times; so he was sentenced to death and poorly buried outside of the city. 

 

Right after the burial of the keeper’s body, there came heavy rains and powerful storm, then followed by a big fire in the nearby forest.

 

Kongjia thought that was a revenge from the excellent dragon keeper, or maybe even those dragons themselves; he was super terrified and started to pray. Unfortunately, he passed away on his way back, the real reason of his death was unclear. 

 

Si Jie -- Last King of Xia Dynasty with A Spy Queen

Si Jie (? — 1600 B.C.), the last king of the Xia Dynasty in the history of China, inherited the throne from his father.

 

When he was in charge of the kingdom, most of the seigneurs already stopped paying tribute or honoring the central king. Instead of working hard and trying to gain the respect back, Jie initiated many wars.

 

Jie was a strong and powerful monarch with good military skills, so he achieved many military successes and robbed many valuable treasures and beautiful women, one of which was quite beautiful and became his queen. 

Jie and his gorgeous queen, then started to live a very luxurious life together. Jie’s queen Mo Xi was extraordinarily demanding; she liked fancy palace and clothes, enjoyed smelling good wine and hearing the sound when expensive silk was teared up.

 

In order to please his beautiful queen, Jie built a tall and spectacular palace, which was decorated with ivory and valuable jade; then he commanded to pour large amounts of wine into a pond so people could drink directly when they were boating. In addition, he asked large numbers of women to weave and make fancy clothes and silk, for his queen to wear or hear the sound of tearing them up. 

Since his queen was captured from a clan that Jie conquered, many people believed that this woman was actually a spy who made great contribution to harm Jie’s ruling, squander his money and maybe even provide valuable information to the Jie’s enemy regime.

 

Anyway, Jie’s luxurious life, large numbers of wars and his bad administration quickly declined his kingdom and caused his people miserable. Consequently, many uprising armies that were aimed at revolting Jie’s ruling appeared. 

 

One army from Shang clan, which Mo Xi had secretly helped before, was the most powerful one and finally defeated Jie; soon a new dynasty was established.

 

Jie was banished and died in desolation.

 

The Xia Dynasty ended and its offsprings were separated into three main streams; one big group complied to the next dynasty and stayed in their original place, one moved southward, the other moved northward and was believed as ancestors of the Huns.