Confucianism - Definition, Belief, History and Facts
Confucianism is one of the most influential philosophical schools in the history of China.
It was created by Confucius around 2,500 years ago, based on absorbing of previous knowledge and etiquettes.
The Confucianism Philosophy is a comprehensive ideology in regard to etiquettes, governance, system, moral and behavioral standards, educational methodology, and conception of society.
Soon, Confucianism and Mohism became two most important philosophical schools in China, which were widely spread and studied by intellectuals.
When Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor in the history of China who built the Great Wall and Terra Cotta Warriors, established the Qin Dynasty (221 B. C. — 207 B. C.), Legalism was respected as the only dominant ideology. In the meantime, Confucianism Philosophy was highly suppressed and abrogated.
After the Qin Dynasty was overthrown, the following monarchs of the next dynasty implemented Taoism.
Afterwards, monarchs of the next millenniums in the history of China barely changed this policy, though they always applied Confucianism with other ideologies, like Taoism or Legalism, in their governance.
Its main concepts and essences were inherited well, though Confucianism had been developed for several times, and had formed into many branches in the history of China.
About 100 years ago, with the perishing of feudality, Confucianism declined and was strongly criticized.
Now, Chinese people started to accept and perceive it from a relatively objective way, by abandoning of backward rules and learning its positive aspects, like literature, certain moral and behavioral standards, and educational methodologies.
They are, and always will be, important parts of the Chinese culture.
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