Lushan or Mount Lu — A Multi-Religions Mount with Stunningly Beautiful Scenery
Lushan, also known as Mount Lu or Lushan National Park, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site renowned for its beautiful natural scenery.
It holds a significant place as one of the most influential centers of education and religion in Chinese history.
In addition to hosting a prestigious Confucianism Academy, Lushan Mountain features ancient buildings representing six religions throughout history, including Taoism Religion, Buddhism, Christianity, Catholicism, Orthodox Christianity, and Islam.
Ancient Buildings and Natural View, Photo from Official Site of Lushan.
Lushan or Mount Lu Facts and Important Data
Mount Lu is located in Jiangxi Province, the southeast of China.
It is around 302 square kilometers large.
The highest peak is 1474 meters above sea level.
There are hundreds of ancient buildings on Lushan Mountain.
It has over 900 stone inscriptions throughout history.
Mountain and Lake Views, Photo from Official Site of Lushan.
Cultural Importance of Lushan or Mount Lu
One of the most influential Neo Confucianism Academies was built there in the year 940, which made Lushan Mountain a significant educational center in the recent millennium.
It is an important part of Chinese literature, where over 1500 famous scholars visited or lived and left tens of thousands of poems, articles, and paintings to praise its beauty.
It has been a site of six religions.
From the late 19th to early 20th century, people from different countries built many villas on the mountain, and when Christianity, Catholicism, Orthodox Christianity, and Islam religions spread in this area.
The combination of building and nature, of eastern and various western styles, brought the mountain great architectural values.
Hundreds of stone inscriptions are representatives of valuable art and the witness of history.
Important Cultural Sites of Lushan or Mount Lu
Xianren Dong or Immortal's Cave
This natural cave is believed to be where Lv Dongbin of the Tang Dynasty (618 — 907) practiced Taoism and became immortal.
Gate of the Xianren Dong.
Having been established in the year 386, Donglin Temple has stood as a sacred and revered Buddhist site for centuries.
Donglin Temple Building Complex, Photo by Feicui.
White Deer Cave Academy or Bailudong Shuyuan
Firstly built in the year 940, the White Deer Cave Academy was reestablished by Zhu Xi (1130 — 1200), an exceptional philosopher of Neo Confucianism that had been the dominant ideology in Chinese culture for the next 700 years.
Besides Zhu Xi, many other famous scholars visited and taught at this college.
Together they made the White Deer Cave Academy one of the most influential educational centers in history.
Part of the White Deer Cave Academy or Bailudong Shuyuan.
Constructed in the year 1015, Guanyin Bridge stands as a testament to ancient craftsmanship—a remarkable stone bridge stretching over a length of 24.4 meters, featuring a single span.
Ancient Guanyin Bridge.
Guling is where people from different countries built many villas in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
International Buildings on Guling, Photo by Yin Xixiang.
Impressive Natural Scenic Views of Lushan or Mount Lu
Hanpo Pass or Hanpo Kou, Photo by Dashenlin Taishan.
Lulin Lake, Photo from Official Site of Lushan Mountain.
Wulao Feng or Five Olds Peak.
Waterfall Shaped Cloud, Photo by Yin Xixiang.
Three-Step Waterfall or Sandie Quan.
Sunrise and Cloud.
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