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Taoism - Definition, Belief, History and Facts

Taoism or Daoism originated in China around 5,500 to 6,000 years ago.


It formulated as a philosophical school in about 1,500 years ago, when the great philosopher Lao Tzu finished his masterpiece Tao Te Ching.


Taoism philosophy is in respect to the law of nature and freedom, the Dao. It pays attention to the essence and pattern of the universe, and the relationship of human and nature.


Gradually, Taoism evolved out the related departments of Taoist literature, science, military, medicine, music, art, religion, governance and military methodology, self cultivation, martial art and longevity preservation. 


Taoism had been applied as the official philosophy by Chinese emperors of the Han Dynasty in about 2,200 years ago; until the year 134 B.C., when the current emperor established Confucianism as the dominant ideology.


Since then, Taoism was sometimes suppressed, while in other eras was frequently applied with Confucianism together. In Tang (618 — 907), Song (960 — 1279) and Ming Dynasty (1368 — 1644), Taoism was quite popular among the ruling class; many emperors during these eras were genuine believers. 


Nowadays, Taoism ideology still plays an important role in guiding people to respect the law of nature, to get to know themselves, to understand the essence of society, to perform well in every social role, and to live a life that they are proud of.