Fun Facts about Chinese Culture and History

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Tradition of China -- National Etiquette

In tradition of China, national etiquettes are the ceremonies of worshiping to heaven, earth, mountains, ancestors, celestial, religious, etc.

 

The purposes of some routinely auspicious etiquettes were to pursue a stable governance, well being, harvest, and protection; others were praying for luck in regard to current occurrences, like drought, flood, disease, war, etc.

Feng Chan Rite in Tradition of China

Among different types of auspicious ceremonies in the history of China, the most honorable one was the Rite of Feng Chan on the Mount Tai, which some outstanding emperors did before, to show their exceptional power and achievement to the world.

 

In the history of China, only extremely accomplished emperors were entitled to stage it, like the Emperor Qin Shi Hang and the Emperor Liu Che

Military Etiquette

Military etiquette in the history of China included military related wars, parade, tax, periodic hunting, instruction activities, and the definition of boarder. 

 

Before Battle

In ancient Chinese culture, there should be some ceremonies before battle, usually the offering of sacrificial ceremonies to the heaven, earth, ancestors, Gods of War, and the ensign, on a day that was chosen through divination.

 

Offering sacrifics rites to the heaven meant to report the battle, under the name of heaven and justice; to the earth, meant the battle was to protect the homeland and pray for protection; to the ancestors and Gods of War, was to inform the upcoming battle and pray for good luck. 

 

In these rites, blood (usually animals’) was always needed to sacrifice the ensign. 

 

Afterwards, an important pledge statement would be announced, to inform soldiers of the battle’s goal, reasons, and important rules, as well as to mobilize and encourage them for the upcoming war.  

After Battle

 

If a regime won, the emperor would send honorable prime ministers and nobles to welcome his army; sometimes emperors would do this in person.

 

Then there would be a big ceremony to inform the heaven, earth, and ancestors about the success.

 

Sometimes the victorious army would also dedicate slaves to the emperor.

 

Later, countless solemn awards and feasts of celebration will be held for these excellent generals and soldiers. 

 

If they failed in a war, the army would return wearing mourning clothes, crying and memorializing for the dead, as in a funeral ceremony.