King Tai Wu — Remarkable Monarch Inspired by Supernatural Power

King Tai Wu, named Zi Zhou, was an accomplished monarch of the Shang Dynasty.

Born into a royal family and raised as the heir of the empire, Tai Wu didn’t do well in the beginning. Partly because he was still a teenager when he ascended the throne, he paid more attention to have fun or pursue a fancy lifestyle, instead of political issues and administration works. 

One day, a paper mulberry grew under a big mulberry in Tai Wu’s palace; more surprisingly, those two trees grew very tall within 7 days.

Ritual Jade (Yu Cong) of the Shang Dynasty — National Museum of China

In the era when people highly respect and worship supernatural powers, the young king was quite scared. 

His prime minister Yi Zhi, the son of great official Yi Yin, then told Tai Wu that this unusual phenomenon happened because the king did something wrong, politically. 

To suppress those abnormal monsters, Tai Wu started to listen to his brilliant minister and work diligently.

Delightfully, those two unusual trees withered very soon after he became a good king. 

In the following 75 years of him wearing the crown, King Tai Wu was always diligent and caring. Agriculture, handicrafts, and culture all well developed under his reign.

Bronze Wine Container (You) of the Shang Dynasty — Sen-oku Hakuko Kan (Photo by Dongmaiying)

 

King Pan Geng — Monarch of Renascent

After Tai Wu’s son, the tenth king of the Shang Dynasty, passed away, the primogeniture inherits system was abolished by some powerful royal members.

 

The king’s brothers, uncles, and even cousins all fought over the throne, which caused a huge decline for the empire.

Consequently, the kingdom experienced many chaoses and nearly all the vassal states stopped paying tribute to the royal family. 

Zi Xun, respected as King Pan Geng, ascended the throne after his brother passed away.

Jade Deer of the Shang Dynasty — Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (Photo by Dongmaiying)

To ameliorate the current situation, Pan Geng insisted to move the capital to another place in China, in about 1300 BC. 

King Pan Geng believed that the new capital had better farmland that could well develop their agriculture, and easier to defend themselves from strong enemies. 

But most nobles disagreed, for not willing to give up everything they had and then start from scratch. 

King Pan Geng was quite strong and kept debating, and fighting against all opponents. With his insistence, they finally moved their capital city to a place named Yin, now it is called Yin Xu. 

Site of Xin Yu — Anyang City, Henan Province

After years of diligent works, this migration proved to be a smart and contributive decision: a brand new capital city with abundant material and hardworking people was established, the king's authority was reestablished, and Shang's agriculture and the economy were further developed. 

All of Shang's vassal states started to visit and pay tribute again, because of respecting and worshiping Pan Geng’s exceptional achievements and reign. 

He was one of the most influential and remarkable kings in the Shang Dynasty, who brought back his kingdom the long lost power and prosperity. 

After this migration, Yin was the capital city, economic and cultural center of the Shang Dynasty until it perished in 1046 BC. 

Most of the excavated oracle inscriptions of Shang, and large numbers of exquisite artifacts were from Yin, now is Anyang city of Henan Province.

Scripts on Oracle Bones of the Shang Dynasty — National Museum of China

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