Zhu Wen -- Destructor of Fabulous City and Terminator of the Tang Dynasty in the History of China

Join and Betrayal of Peasant Rebel Army 

Zhu Wen (852 -- 912) was born into an impoverished family and was disliked by nearly all his relatives. He didn’t like farm works and joined a peasant rebel army during an uprising, soon was appointed to a high position as a general. 


Later he betrayed that army and surrendered to the Empire Tang, because he felt his army was going to fail soon anyway.


He received a political position from the Tang government because he sold and then fought against the rebellious army that he had served before.


Zhu Wen made some contributions to the Tang Empire and was promoted, then he took charge of more and more military powers.


Soon the current emperor Li Ye was imprisoned by some eunuchs, and many warlords were angry and wanted to save their emperor.


Consequently, Zhu Wen led his army slaughtered those eunuchs and took Ye under his control.


Afterward, he forced Emperor Li Ye to move the capital city. 


Destroying of the Fabulous Capital City

During that migration, the prosperous and fabulous capital, the Chang An City of the Tang Empire was destroyed as the situation devolved into chaos.


The Daming Palace, which was built at the beginning of the Tang Dynasty in the history of China, where Tang’s emperors lived for hundreds of years, was completely burnt up and destroyed by Zhu Wen.


This spectacular royal palace was 3 times the size of the Chateau de Versailles, 14 times bigger than the Buckingham Palace, 4.5 times as big as the Forbidden City, then left only some relics after Zhu Wen’s destruction. 


Countless valuable buildings were torn up and the residue could be seen floating on the river.


Many people’s families fell apart and they cried all away to the new city.


The Cruel Assassinator Zhu Wen

Afterward, many warlords allied together to attack Zhu Wen, some of those lords were loyal and sincerely wanted to recover the Empire Tang’s dominance, while others were just disagreeing with Zhu Wen obtaining too much power.


Anyway, they initiated a big war toward Zhu Wen.


Zhu decided to fight back, but he worried that Emperor Li Ye might do something to jeopardize his power after he led his army left the city to participate in the war or fell into other warlords' hands.


So, Zhu Wen assassinated Emperor Li Ye in the royal palace and supported Ye’s 12-year old son to be the next emperor. Soon, Zhu assassinated all of Ye’s other sons and loyal and upright officers that were selected through the Imperial Examination. 


Now, in the central government of the Tang Empire, there was a 12 years old emperor, surrounded by Zhu Wen and his cruel followers. 


In other places in China, there were endless wars among warlords, for different purposes, trying to save the emperor and recovering of the Tang Empire, or obtaining more land and power.


Zhu Wen still couldn’t win over others to unify the whole of China, so he forced the young emperor to abdicate the throne to him, and he started his new dynasty.


The prosperous Tang Dynasty in the history of China was officially ended, after such horrible destruction.


The young emperor was assassinated soon after Zhu got the throne. 


Zhu Wen's Smart First Wife and His Incestuous Love Lives

The love of Zhu Wen’s life was a beautiful woman, whom he fell in love with when he was still a teenager, soon they got married and lived happily together.


This woman was a very decisive person, who was involved, even planned, every decision that Zhu Wen had made. Zhu was cruel and not afraid of anyone, except for his wife.


Once when Zhu Wen led his army marching toward a battlefield, his wife felt it was not a good decision at that time; so she sent a servant to summon the entire army back, and Zhu completely listened.


However, before Zhu Wen became the king, his wife passed away, and left him a suggestion of “less murder and fewer women”.


After her death, Zhu didn’t marry another wife; but he slept with all of his daughters-in-law. 


The weirdest thing was that all of his sons knew about this, and they were happy and proud that if Zhu Wen enjoyed their wives. 


Murdered By His Own Son

In Zhu Wen’s life of being a king, he kept fighting against other warlords and trying to expand his territory.


But while he was getting old, his strongest enemy’s son Li Cunxu, an intelligent general, became quite strong.


On the contrary, none of Zhu Wen’s sons had military or political skills to inherit his kingdom, so Zhu Wen planned to nominate his adoptive son as his crown prince.


But Zhu’s oldest son found out the plan and felt threatened.


Consequently, six years after Zhu Wen claimed himself the new king, he was murdered by one of his sons, in his bedroom; the same way how Zhu Wen had assassinated Emperor Li Ye. 

Zhu Wen was a talented general with excellent military achievements, but the destruction he brought in the history of China extremely outweighed his contribution.


He betrayed his peasant uprising army, betrayed the Empire Tang, destroyed Tang's fabulous capital city, assassinated two emperors and lots of princes, and perished Li Clan, as well as slaughtered large numbers of loyal and innocent people.

He was a sly opportunist and a cruel monarch, but he didn’t start a new glorious chapter and brought people good lives, as other dynastic founders did. 


Instead, he and his empire were both buried by his son very soon.  

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