Fun Facts about Chinese Culture and History

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Xin Qiji -- A Heroic Knight, A Great Poet and A Sincere Patriot in the History of China

When Xin Qiji (1140 -- 1207) was born, the Song Dynasty had already lost the northern part of China. 

 

Xin and his family lived in the north, under dominance of the nomadic Kingdom Jin, but they always wanted to drive away the nomadic rulers.

 

Brave General Xin Qiji in the Rebel Army

After Xin Qiji grew up, he refused to be an officer in the nomadic government, and joined a rebel army to fight against Jin.

When Xin Qiji was 23 years old, he led about 50 cavalrymen captured a traitor from the enemy’s military fort, where had around 50, 000 enemy soldiers.

 

He successfully took the traitor back to the Southern Song Empire, the one that Xin pledged his loyalty to.

Everyone was impressed by his braveness and military skills, then Xin Qiji was assigned a political occupation in the Song Empire. 

 

Remarkable Poet Xin Qiji and His Frustrated Life in Song

Soon, Song Empire lost in a northward war and the doves made Song and Jin signed another treaty.

 

Since then, Xin Qiji never had the chance to be a general again.

 

Xin did well as an administrative officer, and gave his civilians peaceful and wealthy lives; he even recruited and trained a big army, which were then criticized by those powerful dove ministers.

 

Therefore, Xin's new army was dismissed, he himself was reassigned and demoted for several times until he was a total civilian, because of his political ideas and strong will to fight back. 

During that period, Xin Qiji had to disappointedly pack up his sword; instead, he picked up pens, and had written lots of essays regarding fighting and taking back the lost lands in the northern China, but the ruling class never listened to him.

 

Xin’s sadness and disappointments made his second part of life miserable, however, also brought to Chinese culture a great poet. 

 

Unlike some other poets or artists in the history of China, Xin Qiji was a military born warrior whose main purpose was to revenge for his country Song; writing poems were just a means to express his unfulfilled dreams.

 

He wrote over eight hundred of Ci (another type of poem), to show his love for his country and his people.

 

His Ci works were ambitious and brave and full of manliness, which in respect to the army, military, battlefield, homeland and personal integrity.

 

Moreover, people could see real military lives of the Song Dynasty from his masterpieces; only General Yue Fei’s Ci works were as heroic as his. 

Sincere Patriot Xin Qiji and His Unfulfilled Dream

When Xin Qiji was 64 years old, the Song Empire again planned to march north and to take the lost lands back.

 

Xin was very excited, because he was summoned back and nominated to some important positions.

 

But later he found that the army was led by an incapable chief commander. That plan, therefore, ended with failure.

 

Xin was very sad and disappointed, because he was already old, and his hope of a seeing a unified country is fading.

 

Finally, four years later, the Song Empire planned another attack, and nominated Xin Qiji as an important commander, but he was already sick in bed. He couldn’t grasp this opportunity that he had been waiting for his entire life.

 

One month later, he left the world and his last words were “perish those enemies”, the only thing he truly wanted, but will never be able to complete. 

This outstanding poet in the Chinese culture, in the end, didn't accomplish his dream and left the world, full of disappointment and desperation.

The most glorious and vigorous time of Xin Qiji was when he was in the rebel army; being young and ambitious, who could remove a traitor away from tens of thousands of enemies, fearlessly.

 

He was a sincere patriot who desired a unified country, but he never had a good chance to realize his dream.

 

Consequently, he had to express his complicated feelings in his literary masterpieces.

 

After all the sad histories were gone, his exceptional Ci works and calligraphy pieces were passed on for millenniums in the history of China.