Mount Heng in Shanxi with Magnificent Hanging Temple on Steep Cliff — Mountain of Ancient Battlefields and Fusion of Three Religions

Mount Heng in Shanxi Province of China

Mount Heng in Shanxi Province of China, Photo from Official Site of Hengshan.

What is Mount Heng?

 

Mount Heng in Shanxi, also named Hengshan Mountain or Beiyue, is the Northern Mount of the Five Great Mountains in China. 

 

Besides beautiful natural views and splendid Hanging Temple, Mount Heng is also a great mountain on the northern border between the Middle Kingdom and nomadic regimes in history, which left many battlefields related ruins.

 
Hanging Temple or Xuankong Temple on Mount Heng

About 1500 Years Old Hanging Temple or Xuankong Temple on Mount Heng, Photo from Official Site of Hengshan.

Important Data of Mount Heng

  • Mount Heng is in Shanxi Province, the middle north of China;

 

  • It has 108 peaks, and the highest is 2016 meters above sea level;

 

  • There are many ancient temples, the oldest well-preserved one dates back to the year 435.

 

  • There are many important military passes on Mount Heng area, as well as battlefield-related ruins like castles and beacon towers.

 
Ruins of Ancient Great Wall on Mount Heng

Ruins of Ancient Great Wall on Mount Heng, Photo by Yang Jianmin.

What is the cultural importance of Mount Heng?

 

  • As an important military site, throughout history, 13 emperors had led the army and fought on Mount Heng.

  • Ancient buildings, frescoes, and inscriptions on Mount Heng hold great historic and cultural values.  

 
Ancient Buildings and Stone Inscriptions on Mount Heng

Ancient Buildings and Stone Inscriptions on Mount Heng, Photo from Official Site of Hengshan.

Who is the deity of Mount Heng?

 

Beiyue the Great, or Beiyue Dadi, is in charge of stars, rivers, and animals.

 
Taoist Temples on Mount Heng

Taoist Temples on Mount Heng

What's special with the Hanging Temple?

 

Hanging Temple, or Xuankong Si, is one of the most spectacular views of Mount Heng in Shanxi. 

Constructed in the year 491, the Hanging Temple is 50 meters above the ground, and about 32 meters long with 40 halls.

Moreover, it is the only temple in China that has three religions (Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism) coexisting, which has a big hall that enshrines Lao Zi, Confucius, and Sakyamuni. 

 
Hanging Temple or Xuankong Si on Mount Heng in Shanxi

Hanging Temple or Xuankong Si, the Stone Inscription "Magnificent" Below was Believed Written by the Great Poet Li Bai (701 — 762) During His Visit on Mount Heng.

What are the important cultural sites of Mount Heng?

 

Hengshan Temple Complex

 

Firstly constructed during the Northern Wei Dynasty (386 — 534), many Taoist temples had been built, destroyed, and reestablished throughout history. 


Today's temples there were mostly from the Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368 — 1912).

 
Hengshan Temple Complex

Hengshan Temple Complex, Photo from Official Site of Hengshan.

Yong'an Temple

At the foot of Mount Heng, the Yong'an Temple was rebuilt in the year 1289.

Besides ancient buildings, the earliest calligraphy works and frescoes in Yong'an Temple were from the Yuan Dynasty (1271 — 1368). 

Main Hall of the Yong'an Temple

Main Hall of the Yong'an Temple

Part of the Frescoes inside the Yong'an Temple

Part of the Frescoes inside the Yong'an Temple

What are impressive natural scenic views of Mount Heng?

 
Magnificent Peaks of Mount Heng

Magnificent Peaks of Mount Heng, Photo from Official Site of Hengshan.

Mysterious Cave "Baiyun Lingxue" or Cloud Cave, From Where Sometimes have Cloud Flow Out

Mysterious Cave "Baiyun Lingxue" or Cloud Cave, From Where Sometimes have Cloud Flow Out, Photo by Gao Wenchuan.

Shenxi National Wetland Park at the foot of Mount Heng

Shenxi National Wetland Park at the foot of Mount Heng, Photo from Official Site of Hengshan.

Seas of Cloud on Mount Heng

Seas of Cloud on Mount Heng, Photo from Official Site of Hengshan.