Qingming Festival the Tomb Sweeping Day
What is the Qingming Festival?
When is the Qingming Festival?
Since it is one of the Solar Terms, the date of the Qingming Festival differs each year.
Nowadays, it usually is on the 4th, 5th, or 6th of April of the Gregorian Calendar.
When and how did the Qingming Festival originate?
Qingming is a solar term that is close to two important ancient festivals: Cold Food Festival and Shangsi Festival that were all in early March in Traditional Chinese Calendar.
Since the Tang Dynasty (618 — 907), the customs and traditions of Cold Food and the Shangsi Festival had been merged into and formed the Qingming Festival.
Cold Food Festival:
Since the Neolithic period, to avoid wildfire, people needed to extinguish the fire that they obtained in the last year, and get a new fire in the spring of the new year during a grand sacrifice ceremony.
During this fire-free period, people could only eat cold food.
Another origin story is that eating cold food on a specific day was under the command of Ji Chonger (about 697 BC — 628 BC), the Duke Wen of Jin. This was to memorize Jie Zitui (? — 636 BC), a loyal official that had saved Duke Wen of Jin's life.
Therefore, Cold Food had been a festival of worshiping.
Calligraphy of Su Shi (1037 — 1101), Named on Cold Food Festival (Hanshi Tie) — Taipei Palace Museum
Shangsi Festival was on the 3rd of March in Traditional Chinese Calendar, used to be an important date for ancient people to bathe in rivers and lakes, and let the water take away disease and bad lucks, and a day for young people to meet.
Gradually, bathe in waters became more of a ritual; the Shangsi was more popular as a day for hiking, holding feasts, and banquets around the beautiful water area.
Painting "Lan Ting Xiu Xi", A Famous Activity to Celebrate the Shangsi Festival, by Wen Huiming (1470 － 1559) — Palace Museum
How to celebrate the Qingming Festival?
Visit, worship, and clean ancestors' graves;
Hike in nature;
Wear willow branches made decorations, or put them on windows and doors;
Play on swings;
Paint on eggs;
Eat traditional food of the Qingming Festival.
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