East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan — Chu Culture in Picturesque Landscapes

East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan

East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan, Photo by Xinxin Lee.

What is East Lake?

 

East Lake, also named as East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan, is the center of ancient Chu Culture. 

 

Locating in Wuhan, East Lake is a large city lake with picturesque natural views surrounded by rich cultural sites, including ancient ruins, grand museums, universities, etc.

 

Bamboo Raft on East Lake, Photo from Official Site of East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan.

What is Chu Culture?

 

Chu Culture is a regional culture of China, mainly in today's Hubei, Hunan, and Henan provinces, where descendants of the Yellow Emperor established the over 800-year-long Chu State (? — 223 BC).

 

Later in Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC — 403 BC), Chu State became a powerful kingdom and obtained hegemony for decades, when the East Lake area was its capital city.

 

After Wu Qi's Reform (386 BC — 381 BC), Chu State reached its peak, when the kingdom kept expanding and flourishing and created glorious Chu Culture. 

 
Chu Style Gate and City Wall on East Lake, Photo from Official Site of East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan.

Chu Style Gate and City Wall on East Lake, Photo from Official Site of East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan.

In the year 223 BC, Chu State was perished by General Wang Jian, and then merged as a part of the unified Qin Dynasty (221 BC — 207 BC).  

 

The Chu Culture, including literature (Chu Ci), dialect, music, dance, custom, art, have been inherited by locals throughout history, or are displaying in grand museums. 

Unearthed Lacquerware Food Container of the Chu State

Unearthed Lacquerware Food Container of the Chu State — Hubei Museum (Photo by Dongmaiying)

Important Data of East Lake.

  • East Lake is in Hubei Province, the middle-south of China;

 

  • The East Lake water area is 33 square kilometers, and the entire East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan is 88 square kilometers' large;

 

  • The whole East Lake Scenic Area consists of 12 smaller lakes, scattering with over 120 islands;

 

  • East Lake Greenways that string famous sites of the scenic area are 6 meters wide and 101.98 kilometers long; 

 
Part of East Lake Greenways, Photo from Official Site of East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan.

Part of East Lake Greenways, Photo from Official Site of East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan.

  • There are around 67 types of fishes and 234 bird species;

 

  • The East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan has 13 specialized botanical gardens, such as plum blossoms, lotus, and cherry blossoms, with rich species and large numbers;

 

  • The Hubei Museum by East Lake preserves over 260,000 invaluable relics. 

Sword of Gou Jian (? — 464 BC) the King of Yue State

Sword of Gou Jian (? — 464 BC) the King of Yue State — Hubei Museum

What are the important cultural sites and natural scenic views of East Lake?

 

Moshan Scenic Area or Mo Hill 

 

Moshan Area has the largest Chu Culture site, where presents history, architecture, music, performance, art, customs, legends, folklore, etc. 

 

Besides, tens of thousands of flowers in specialized botanical gardens, including plum blossoms and cherry blossoms, are located in this beautiful area as well. 

 
Cherry Blossom Garden of East Lake of Wuhan

Cherry Blossom Garden of East Lake of Wuhan, Photo by Lu Xiaomo.

Flute or Chuidi Scenic Area

This is believed the place that Zhu Zhen (1364 — 1424), the sixth son of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang, had played the flute, after having subinfeuded in the East Lake Area as the King of Chu.

Flute or Chuidi Scenic Area of East Lake

Flute or Chuidi Scenic Area of East Lake, Photo from Official Site of East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan.

Luoyan or Landing Wild Goose Scenic Area

In the picturesque natural view of the Luoyan area, many species of ancient trees are growing there, as well as large numbers of aquatic birds.

Luoyan or Landing Wild Goose Scenic Area of East Lake

Luoyan or Landing Wild Goose Scenic Area of East Lake, Photo from Official Site of East Lake Scenic Area of Wuhan.